History of Linux

Posted by Hello Word on Thursday, October 13, 2011

Who would not know Mandriva Linux? Who would not know the Open Suse? Who would not know Red Hat? For ordinary people working in the computer world, particularly Linux, then the names were familiar to the ear. But did you know that in fact, Linux has a long history of his journey?

UNIX operating system is one that started the birth of Linux into the world. UNIX is one of the operating systems that exist today. As for UNIX is one of the popular operating system giant Microsoft in addition to the family (ranging from DOS, MS 9x to Vista), Novell, OS / 2, BeOS, MacOS and others.

The history of the emergence of UNIX began in 1965 when experts from Bell Labs, a laboratory owned by AT & T, in collaboration with MIT and General Electric makes the operating system called Multics ('ve ever heard?). Well, the Multics operating system was originally designed in hopes of creating some advantages, such as multiuser, multiprocessor, and multi-level filesystem. But in 1969, AT & T Multics project of making the last stop for the Multics operating system is no longer fulfill its original purpose. In other words, the project has run into difficulty because in reality there are many bugs and Multics very difficult to operate.

Some of the Bell Labs programmers who are involved in the manufacture and development of Multics, namely Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, Rudd Canaday, and Doug Mcllroy, unofficially continued development of the Multics project. And finally comes the next generation operating system Multics month of January 1970, named UNIX.

The new generation Multics keuggulan has more than his elder brother. The name UNIX by Brian Kernighan supplied to confirm that UNIX is not the Multics (not equal). UNIX finally has an advantage as expected at the beginning of its creation. That is:

1. Multilevel Filesystems

2. Multiuser and Multiprocessor

3. The architectural design of a hardware independent

4. Various devices can be considered as a special file

5. Has a simple user interface

6. Suitable for programming environments

7. Has a utility that can be mutually coupled

A year later, UNIX can be run on a PDP-11 computer with 16 MB memory and a disk size of 512 KB. At that time the UNIX source code is still written in machine language (assembler). Then in 1973, the UNIX source code was rewritten in C language created by Dennis Ritchie.

Mr. destination. Ritchie UNIX to change the source code in C language was other than the C language was designed as multiplatform and are flexible. With dirubahnya source code into C language, UNIX can be developed and then recompiled into different types of computers. Since then made a wide range of UNIX variants are deliberately designed for a specific type of computer.

A year later, because it was already quite mature UNIX, then Thompson and Ritchie publish a paper about UNIX. Apparently UNIX received a very unusual from the college environment. And the UNIX operating system had been the favorite in the college environment.

Initially, the UNIX operating system is distributed for free in the world of education, but once widely used by industrial corporations and businesses (because of their ruggedness to handle areas of the network (networking), UNIX finally traded and patented). In subsequent developments, UNIX and its variants are commercialized into an operating system which is quite expensive at the time (but there are some free ones because it was developed in the spirit of open source), this was due to stability, capable of multitasking and working on the program can be used by several users simultaneously.

The UNIX variants are commercialized and popular because of their ruggedness such as BSD 4.1 (1980), SunOS, BSD 4.2, SysV (1983), UnixWare and Solaris 2 (1988), and others. And developed a spirit of open source or free including: FreeBSD, OpenBSD, NetBSD, Mnix, Hurd

From earlier talking mulu UNIX, Linux root where? Okay, okay. We mulaiĆ¢ € | ..

Linus Torvalds know right? Linus was born in Helsinki, Finland on December 28, 1969. People who are referred to as the father of Linux (Linus Unix), already familiar with programming languages ​​at the age of 10. At that time he frequently computers tinkering with his grandfather, Commodore VIC-20. Because of his hobbies in the world of computing, 1988 Linus accepted at Univerity of Helsinki and in 1990, Linus started his first C programming class. In 1991, Linus is not satisfied with the existing operating system on its first PC (MS-DOS or Disk Operation System), OS made by Microsoft.

Linus is more likely to use the UNIX operating system such as that used university-owned computers. Eventually he replaced Minix operating system open source UNIX-based. The Minix is ​​a small UNIX system developed by Andrew S. Tanenbaum, a professor who cultivate the study of OS problems Vrije Universiteit, The Netherlands. The Minix was used for the purposes of teaching and education.

But Linus felt that Minix still has many weaknesses. And from that moment, at the age of 23, Linus began tinkering with Minix kernel. And he began to develop a system that is compatible with IBM PCs. In August 1991, Linux was born 0:01 oprekan results Linus, and on October 5, 1991, formally Linus announced Linux can only run a 0:02 a BASH and gcc compiler. In addition, Linus also publish the homemade operating system complete with source code, which was greeted with great enthusiasm by the programmers and developers around the world in order to develop together.

Until recently, Linux was built by various communities and do not be surprised if a lot of Linux distributions in circulation. Starting from the paid to free, from for beginner to advanced, and usually with many Linux distributions in circulation will make people lay confused to choose a distro. Imagine, there are hundreds of distros are created or even thousands. But slowly but surely, among these Linux distros have an equal (or even) exceeds the capabilities of a giant family of Operating Systems (Microsoft) and with more ease and more complete support for Linux on the hardware, most likely Linux will be an alternative (or even the system The main operations in the world).
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